The first exhibits can be found in Legend Room 1.
The Benz patent motor car was the world’s first petrol-engined automobile. Unlike Daimler’s motorized carriage, the motor car – of which you see a replica here – formed an autonomous entity of chassis and engine. Carl Benz designed the car as a three-wheeler because he was not satisfied with the steering systems available for four-wheeled vehicles back in 1886.
Gottlieb Daimler’s motorized carriage was the world's first four-wheeled automobile. As the name implies, it was a conventional carriage into which Daimler and Maybach had installed their small high-speed engine, the so-called Grandfather Clock.
In 1895, Benz & Cie. built the world’s first two buses which ushered in the era of motorized local public transport. They operated on the Siegen – Netphen – Deuz route in the Siegerland in western Germany. Benz “Patent Motor Car” omnibus with room for eight people. Weighing 1,200 kg, the bus reaches a speed of 20 km/h (12.4 mph).
The first truck was built at a time when the steam engine was still predominant in other countries, for example in America, England and France. The first trucks with an internal combustion engine had speeds of 3-12 kilometres per hour and were also equipped for reversing.
The next exhibits can be found in Legend Room 3.
The Mercedes-Benz 500 K was the car of the rich and the beautiful. Together with the representative Grand Mercedes, the elegant 500 K sports car was the brand’s show-piece in the 1930s. Of the eight different bodywork versions of the 500 K, the special roadster was the most appealing, the most elegant and – at a price of 28,000 Reichsmark (roughly equivalent to 98,000 EUR) – the most expensive.
From 1938, an additional long-distance transmission reduces engine speed and fuel consumption, thereby increasing travel comfort and efficiency. In the most spacious version of the upper-class model, the seven-seater Pullman Saloon, the standard equipment is supplemented at the same time by a so-called outer case.
The next exhibits can be found in Legend Room 4.
The 180, introduced in 1953, marks the transition for Mercedes-Benz to the modern three-box design principle with its all-enveloping body. It got the name “Ponton” (German for pontoon) Mercedes because its silhouette resembles the cross section of a pontoon bridge. Unlike the pre-war models, the 180 features an integral design in which the body and chassis form a single unit.
The 300 SL production sports car presented in 1954 was based on the successful competition version of 1952. Its space frame weighed only 110 lbs. and was particularly sturdy, but did not permit the fitting of normal doors because of the high frame side members. With its characteristic upward-opening doors, the dream car of the 1950s popularly became known as the Gullwing.
The next exhibits can be found in Legend Room 5.
With the O 303, Mercedes-Benz presented a bus series that set new standards for comfort and safety in touring coaches in 1974. Beginning in 1980, rollover tests were performed with these buses, which eventually led to the development of the rigid body skeleton for buses and coaches. The O 303 also led the way in active safety: in 1981 it became the world’s first bus to be equipped with ABS.
The Mercedes-Benz 220 S and its sister models 220 and 220 SE were the world’s first production cars built with the safety body patented by Béla Barényi. This body is distinguished by energy-absorbing crumple zones at the front and rear and an especially sturdy passenger compartment. The series owes its nickname “tail fin” to the marker ridges at the poles and left of the boot.
The next exhibits can be found in Legend Room 6.
Mercedes-Benz showed the Auto 2000 at the International Motor Show in Frankfurt am Main in 1981. The aim of the project was to cut fuel consumption significantly. To achieve this, three drive concepts were tested for the first time in this research car: a V8 petrol engine with cylinder cut-out system, a V6 turbodiesel engine, and a gas turbine drive. The aerodynamically optimised body (Cd=0.28) likewise helped reduced consumption.
With the SLS AMG Coupé Electric Drive, Mercedes-AMG enters a new era: the locally emission-free super sports car featuring advanced technology from the world of Formula 1 represents the most exclusive and dynamic form of electric motoring.
The last exhibits can be found in Legend Room 7.
Nico Rosberg becomes Formula One world champion in 2016. For the Mercedes-AMG racing driver this is a dream come true as he finished ahead of Lewis Hamilton in that season’s rankings. With the F1 W07 Hybrid racing car, the team win 19 out of 21 races. Five days after his magnificent triumph, Rosberg announced his retirement from active Formula One sport.
Mercedes-Benz made its return to Grand Prix racing with the streamlined W 196 R. Juan Manuel Fangio and Karl Kling powered to a 1-2 victory in the new Formula One car’s first race on July 4, 1954 in Reims, and Fangio finished the season as world champion. The Argentinean piloted an improved version of the streamlined car to victory in the 1955 Italian Grand Prix and went on to retain the world title.